Communist Party cadres have filled meeting halls around China to hear a somber, secretive warning issued by senior leaders. Power could escape their grip, they have been told, unless the party eradicates seven subversive currents coursing through Chinese society.
hese seven perils were enumerated in a memo, referred to as Document No. 9, that bears the unmistakable imprimatur of Xi Jinping, China’s new top leader. The first was "Western constitutional democracy"; others included promoting "universal values" of human rights, Western-inspired notions of media independence and civic participation, ardently pro-market “neo-liberalism," and "nihilist" criticisms of the party's traumatic past.
Even as Mr. Xi has sought to prepare some reforms to expose China's economy to stronger market forces, he has undertaken a "mass line" campaign to enforce party authority that goes beyond the party’s periodic calls for discipline. The internal warnings to cadres show that Mr. Xi's confident public face has been accompanied by fears that the party is vulnerable to an economic slowdown, public anger about corruption and challenges from liberals impatient for political change.
"Western forces hostile to China and dissidents within the country are still constantly infiltrating the ideological sphere," says Document No. 9, the number given to it by the central party office that issued it in April. It has not been openly published, but a version was shown to The New York Times and was verified by four sources close to senior officials, including an editor with a party newspaper.
Per le dittature. Tra cui quella di Pechino come spiega nel dettaglio Xi Jinping, presidente della Repubblica Popolare Cinese.
Il cinema racchiude in se molte altre arti; così come ha caratteristiche proprie della letteratura, ugualmente ha connotati propri del teatro, un aspetto filosofico e attributi improntati alla pittura, alla scultura, alla musica.